Callosa d'en Sarrià
Callosa d'en Sarrià
The origin of Callosa (meaning in Latin is likely to land hard, dry) is a former Muslim farmstead that after the Christian reconquest made by the Rey Don Jaime I in the s. XIII, the property was acquired by Bernat de Sarrià Admiral in 1290, during the reign of Alfonso I of Aragon, Valencia and III, thus becoming the first lord. Hence, since then the city should be renamed Callosa d'en Sarrià (Mr Callosa Sarrià) and became the center of the manor, who came to cover much of the current comarca of Marina Baixa.
Since been acquired by different noble families, among which could highlight the de Sarrià (1290-1335), Crown of Aragon (1335-1445), Bou (1445-1560) Moncada (1560-1767) and the Count of Orgaz ( 1767). Today, the noble title of the people belongs to the family of Valldaura Crespi.
The city retains its old town part of its medieval urban structure, bounded by a line of walls of Intramuros Callosa, which still can be crossed by one of its original doors: the Portal. Along this line we have the traditional image Callosa the remains of the walls (s. XIV) and Castillo (1395 - XVIII century), declared a Cultural since 2005, the Church of St. Arciprestral Juan Bautista, inaugurated in 1578, but reformed on several occasions (in 1765 by the famous architect Antonio Valencia class Gilabert i Fornes, later in 1865 and 1917), church is an example of the transition period from Baroque to neoclassical , which highlights its imposing neoclassical facade and the typical blue-tiled dome of Valencia, the Baroque Organ (1754) which contains in its interior, designed by D. Bartolomé Sánchez, still used in concert, the chapels (San Vicente Ferrer, San Roque, Virgen del Carmen, etc.), The chapels (Santa Barbara, Santo Cristo, etc.). Altarpieces and religious ceramic (Virgen de los Dolores, San José, San Antonio, etc.) along the urban street.
We also recommend visiting other attractions in the town as Calvary (XIX) with a distance of 700 meters up in a zig-zag and panoramic views, the Poador, laundry and covered trough Higher Source (1786), with twelve channels and a capacity for 70 people, a sculpture in the shape of an animal head and a bas relief of King James I. In the municipal Archaeological and Ethnological Museum can visit the permanent exhibition entitled We who were ... showing the way of life, customs and traditions that had been in Callosa d'en Sarrià before the rise of loquat cultivation in the early 60s of last century.
All this valuable cultural, ethnological, archaeological, religious and anthropological village has been protected, restored and fitted out by the municipality for tourist use. In addition, these resources have been integrated into a circuit as a Cultural Route, whose visit is easy and teaching through the signs, to issue a location map of attractions and a guide service available to visitors by appointment concertada
How to get here:
Callosa d'En Sarrià is located in the mountains, the valleys of the rivers Guadalest and Algar, near the coast, 14 km from Benidorm, 56 km from Alicante, 150 km from Valencia, 40 km from Alcoy. The main entrances are along the coast, the AP-7 (Out n 64, 65 and 65) and CN-332 and, inside, the CV-70 (Alcoy-Benidorm) and C-3318 (Pego-Callosa).